Nikon D3200 Tutorial – Photography Tips
The Practical Exam
This will be much more of a mental challenge than anything else, but you should put a great deal of work into these lesson assignments because the information covered with this chapter will define how we work with your camera from this point on. Granted, there may be times you want to grab some quick pictures and can resort on the automatic scene modes, but to have serious with your photography, you will desire to learn the professional modes in and out.
Starting with Program mode
Set you guessed it-your camera on Program mode and initiate shooting. Become familiar with the adjustments you may make to your exposure by turning the Command dial. Shoot in bright sun, deep shade, indoors-anywhere you have different types and intensities of light. While you are shooting, ensure that you keep an eye on your ISO and raise or lower it according in your environment.
Learning to regulate time with Shutter Priority mode
Find some moving subjects and after that set you got it to S mode. Have someone ride a bike back and forth, or even just photograph cars because they go by. Start with a slow shutter speed of around 1/30 of the second, then start shooting with faster and faster shutter speeds. Keep shooting and soon you can freeze the action. Now find a thing that isn’t moving, just like a flower, and work your way down coming from a fast shutter speed, like 1/500 of an second. Don’t brace the camera on a steady surface. Just make an effort to shoot as slowly as you can, down to about 1/4 of an second. The point is to determine how well it is possible to handhold the digital camera before you start introducing hand shake in to the image, so that it is appear soft and somewhat unfocused.
Controlling depth of field with Aperture Priority mode
The name of the game with Aperture Priority mode is depth of field. Set up three pieces of a line moving away from you. I would use chess pieces or something similar. Now focus on the middle item, and set the digital camera to the largest aperture your lens allows (remember, large aperture means a smaller number, like f/3.5). Now, while still centering on the middle subject, start shooting with ever-smaller apertures before you are at the smallest f-stop for your lens. If you have a standard zoom lens, try carrying this out exercise while using lens with the widest then the most telephoto settings. Now progress up to subjects which are farther away, like telephone poles, and shoot them in the same way. The idea is to obtain a feel for how each aperture setting affects your depth of field.
Giving and taking with Manual mode
Manual mode won’t require a great deal of work, nevertheless, you should pay close attention in your results. Go outside over a sunny day and, using the digital camera in Manual mode, set your ISO to 100, your shutter speed to 1/125 of the second, along with your aperture to f/16. Now press your shutter release button to get a meter reading. You should be pretty close to that zero mark. If not, make small alterations in one of your settings until it hits that mark. Now is in which the fun begins. Start moving your shutter speed slower, to 1/60, after which set your aperture to f/22. Now go the other way. Set your aperture on f/8 plus your shutter speed to 1/500. Now review your images. If all went well, all the exposures should look the same. This is because you balanced the sunlight with reciprocal changes on the aperture and shutter speed. Now get back to our original setting of 1/125 at f/16 and try moving the shutter speed without changing the aperture. Just make 1/3-stop changes (1/125 to 1/100 to 1/80 to 1/60), then review your images to find out what 1/3 stop of overexposure looks like. Then do the same thing got going in the opposite way. It’s tough to know if you want to over- or underexpose a scene before you have actually tried it and seen the outcomes.
With each of the assignments, just be sure you keep track of your modes and exposures so that it is possible to compare them with all the image. If you are using software to review your images, it’s also advisable to be able to check the digital camera settings which might be embedded inside image’s metadata.
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