Review

INTRODUCTION

The new Nikon D3200 is a significant replacement for the prior D3100. This new camera is ultra-light weight DSLR with a tremendous 24.2 MP DX sensor. It is the first DX sized sensor to feature this many megapixels. And although megapixel count is only one aspect of a camera, I find having more allows better ability to crop images later and obviously capture better details. The video capability of the D3200 has also been improved with 1080p / 30fps and 720p / 60fps. The new Expeed 3 processing engine improves speed and data transfer, in live view, retouch, and playback. To me, the best attributes of the D3200 is its size and weight, and provides excellent imaging that exceeds most cameras of its size, including mirrorless systems. The D3200 is definitely the best entry level DSLR from Nikon since the D40. I expect it to be a very popular camera.

AVAILABILITY

The Nikon D3200 is produced in Thailand. The Thailand facility was hit by a natural disaster (floods) in 2011 that wiped out operations for months. It is now fully operational. The Nikon D3200 was shipped out Monday, April 30th! It should be available in local stores.

D3200 24.2MP SENSOR

Now a days, mega pixels are often disregarded. We nearly have done a 180 and forgotten the importance of pixels. Sure many of us feel that 12MP is plenty, and this is true for some. However, detail is still important. Further, the ability to crop an image, and still retain a decent amount of resolution, is quite useful. The D3200 offers an extraordinary 24MP sensor. Not more than one year ago, the $8000 D3X was the only Nikon camera that offered the equivalent resolution. Now the D3200 provides this on a DX sensor at less than a tenth of the cost! Sure the D3X had great dynamic range, but the D3200 still retains an impressive dynamic range. The sensor measures 23.2 x 15.4 mm. It is a CMOS sensor with a built in sensor cleaning feature. It has a extensive ISO range from 100 – 6400. Sony developed the D3200’s sensor, and it is the same fundamental design as the Sony NEX-7 sensor, but with Nikon’s own requirements imposed! Nikon is notorious for working with Sony sensors, and does a great job at improving their performance beyond what Sony can.

SPECIFICATIONS

  • 24.2 MP IMAGE SENSOR
  • ISO: 100-6400 (HI 1: 12800)
  • SHUTTER: 4 FPS
  • 11 AF Points
  • IMPROVED VIDEO CONTROLS
  • BATTERY: EN-EL14 (540 Shots)
  • USB 2.0
  • 1080P 30fps (H.264)
  • WEIGHT: 505 g (1.11 lb / 17.81 oz)
  • WIFI SUPPORT (WU-1a)

 

SIZE AND WEIGHT

Although there are many alternative cameras to choose from, the D3200 is among the smallest and lightest DSLRs available. Mirrorless cameras are becoming very popular, as they present similar image quality of a DSLR but in a compact package. Basically they strip out the mirror and prism of a DSLR but leave the sensor. However, these mirrorless alternatives do not respond like a DSLR, and typically have shutter lag and slower autofocus. If you are taking pictures of still objects, than I would consider a mirrorless system (Nikon J1). But if you are taking photos of people, soccer games, or anything that moves, nothing can compare to the capabilities of a DSLR such as the D3200. And truthfully, the D3200 isn’t a whole lot bigger or heavier than a mirrorless camera. I bring my out to dinner quite frequently.

NEW 3″ LCD

The new impoved rear LCD is full of detail and clarity. It is comprised of a 921K dot TFT LCD, similar to the Nikon D90. This is an essential feature for live view or image playback. It far exceeds the D3100′s LCD.

VIEWFINDER

The viewfinder features a light weight pentaprism mirror with 95% actual coverage. It can be adjusted for various vision imparities: -1.7 to +0.5 diopters.

AUTOFOCUS

The D3200 provides new priority focus modes in live view, allowing the photographer to choose from various autofocus modes including Normal-area AF, Wide-area AF, Subject-tracking AF, or Face-priority AF. The camera can be autofocused while recording video.

  • Single-servo AF (AF-S)
  • Full-time-servo AF (AF-C)
  • Auto Select AF (AF-A)
  • Manual focus (MF)

CONNECTIVITY

The D3200 has your usual external ports, including USB 2.0, HDMI (Type-C) and optional GPS (GP-1). But more importantly, it adds a stereo microphone input for video. The D5100 has this mic input, but the D3100 does not. This is a great plus for those looking to do video on an entry level camera or those looking to do video on a portable DSLR. You can use the optional ME-1 microphone or use your own (3.5mm stereo jack).

SAMPLE IMAGES

I have provided a sample image to show the detail attained by this DX 24MP sensor. I found it to be quite impressive, especially when shooting at f/5.6. I will be updating this page throughout the week with hopefully better sample images.  

ISO PERFROMANCE

With such a high resolution sensor, many become skeptical of ISO performance, and rightfully so. The D3200 offers a wide range of ISO sensitivities, form ISO 100 thru 6400, and is even expandable to 12800. ISO 100 is the cleanest with the least amount of noise, and ISO 12800 is the most sensitive to light, but also grainy or noisy. ISO is similar to film speed (ASA 200, 400, 800, etc). The D3200′s image quality looks surprisingly clean through ISO 3200 and provides very usable photos. At ISO 6400, the dynamic range suffers greatly, and although the noise is not terrible, the overall image quality suffers. ISO 12800 is just one stop beyond 6400 but not worth shooting at unless for extreme cases or simple snapshots. I am pleasantly surprised at the overall ISO performance of the D3200. The D3200 not only provides a higher resolution sensor than the D3100, D5100 and D7000, but it provides a bit better SNR performance too.

 

VIDEO

Video usage on DSLRs is still progressing. One of the biggest issues with video is that it has to satisfy two kinds of people, those who want ultimate control for serious video compositions, and those who are just looking to take simple high quality video recordings. For those looking for simple video, I would stick with a mobile device (iPhone, Android, or Windows Mobile). The Nikon D3200 is superior to the D5100 in that it provides more video control. The D3200 has the ability to shoot in manual video settings allowing the videographer to choose aperture, shutter speed, and ISO setting. Canon provided this for some time now, but Nikon was always a step behind in terms of control. The D3200 is so small and light that it can be useful for capturing video in places where more expensive DSLRs cannot. Although the quality is not as nice as the Nikon D800 or Nikon D4, it is sufficient for most applications. I did not observe any rolling shutter artifacts. The D3200 also features the ability to playback photos and videos via its HDMI port. (Type C)

REMOTE CONTROL

The D3100 was not compatible with the ML-L3 ($20) wireless remote. The new D3200 is not only compatible with the ML-L3 wireless remote, but now features two infrared sensors, both rear and front. The ML-L3 is a great remote, but at times could be non responsive depending on the position of the remote. With the D3200, it is no longer an issue! The remote allows full shutter control and autofocus.

BUILT IN FLASH

The built in flash is capable of Guide Number 39 feet at ISO 100. The D3200 does NOT feature commander mode, which allows you to remote control external flashes. However, the SB-700 (Amazon) flash allows this capability and can be used with the D3200 to fire remote flashes.

GUIDE MODE

For those new to photography, the Nikon D3200′s guide mode makes it easy for users to shoot in a variety of situations, including Night Portrait, Close ups (Macro), with new capability to shoot soften backgrounds or priority motion blur.

INCLUDED IN PACKAGE

  • Nikon D3200
  • Eyepiece (DK-5)
  • Eye Cup (DK-20)
  • Body Cap (BF-1B)
  • EN-EL14 Battery
  • Battery Charger (MH-24)
  • Audio Video Cables (EG-CP14)
  • Camera Strap
  • Shoe Mount Cover
  • USB Cable
  • Nikon ViewNX2 Software

 

DIFFRACTION LIMITATIONS

The D3200 pixel pitch (pixel size) is only 3.85 µm (microns). What does this mean? Well in order to capture full detailed images at 24 MP many factors come into play, primarily diffraction limitations. Diffraction is an aspect of the lens and a limitation of physics. The ability to observe the effects of diffraction are determined by the area of the sensor and the density or pixel spacing. The D3200 packs a lot of pixel in a small area and is more sensitive to diffraction than previous less dense sensors (D3100, D5100, D7000, etc). Based on the Rayleigh diffraction limit ~1600 / f-number. The D3200 is diffraction limited around f/5.6 when viewed at 100%. Now most of us do not view pictures at 100%, therefore when viewed at normal screen sizes, or on standard print sizes (11 x 14) it is hardly diffraction limited. But in order to attain the most detail, you should shoot at f/5.6 and below. The 18-55mm VR kit lens is superb, but it is not sharp until about f/8. So in order fully take advantage of the full resolution of the sensor, I would recommend a prime lens such as the 35mm f/1.8G ($199) or the 50mm f/1.8G ($219), as these lenses are phenomenally sharp at f/5.6. However, this is only a suggestion for those looking for ultimate detail, as this is not the case for most photography application. Remember that sharpness is generally over emphasized, and nobody cares about a super sharp image that looks like crap!

LENS COMPATIBILITY

The D3200 does not feature a built in autofocus motor. This is common for entry level DSLRs. It also reduces weight and size. All modern Nikon lenses feature a built in Autofocus motor inside the lens. These lenses are marked “AF-S”. The D3200 can only autofocus with lenses marked “AF-S”. The D3200 autofocus is not comaptible with older “AF” and “AF-D” lenses. If you do decide to use an older lens that does not feature “AF-S”, then I would recommend using live view to attain accurate focus. This works great on the D3200 and you’d be surprised at the quality of the older lenses.

RECOMMENDED LENSES

The kit comes with a 18-55mm VR lens which is an excellent performer. However, I would also consider the Nikon 35mm f/1.8G or Nikon 50mm f/1.8G for low light and portrait photography. These two lenses work great when photographing people or use in low light conditions, and are reasonably priced (~$220).

COLORS

The Nikon D3200 is available in black as well as red. This was also true for the D3100. You can see how the D3200 features a new red stripe as oppose to the previous red swoosh on the shutter grip. This mimics the D800, D4.

D3200 CONTROLS

The Nikon D3200 has similar controls to the Nikon D3100. However, there are a few important changes. At the top of the camera (pictured below) is a new video record button, marked with a red circle. Additionally, the D3100 shooting mode slide switch has been removed from the top rotary dial, and instead been replaced by a single push button on the back side of the camera, right of the LCD, where users can select continuous shooting or timer, etc. Further the rear controls have been updated and intuitively placed. This mimics the recently released Nikon D800 and Nikon D4 layout of controls. Those who were already familiar with the previous D3100′s controls may take some time to get familiar with the D3200′s design changes. The zoom buttons have been swapped, and the shooting mode is now a button just to the right of the LCD. This is clearly a better layout than the previous D3100.  

ERGONOMICS

The D3200 is ergonomically different than the D3100 as the lens is shifted, off center. This distributes the weight better for an improved balance and comfortable feel. You can see this in the comparison pictured above.

EYE-FI SUPPORT

The D3200 supports EYE-FI cards. EYE-FI cards are SD cards that can transmit images wirelessly. The D3200 provides advanced features that allow the ability to turn on or off wireless EYE-FI control.

WU-1a (WIFI FEATURE)

The D3200 is among the first entry level DSLRs to feature WiFi support with its optional WU-1a module. It allows control from a mobile phone, such as an android (May 2012) or IOS device (iPhone, iPad). Note that the iOS devices wont be supported until Fall 2012. The video below shows its ability to control the D3200 on an Android device.